M. T. “Lone Wolf” Gonzaullas (File)
Good morning, it’s Thursday, Feb. 13, the 44th day of 2014. There are 321 days left in the year. Temperatures will be around 30 at the start of the day, but should rise into the lower 60s this afternoon under a sunny sky before falling to around 40 overnight.
On February 13, 1977—37 years ago today—legendary Texas Ranger M. T. “Lone Wolf” Gonzaullas died in Dallas at the age of 85. Gonzaullas joined the Rangers in 1920 and served from the Red River to the Rio Grande and from El Paso to the Sabine River during the 1920s and 1930s. In 1933, Gov. Miriam “Ma” Ferguson fired Gonzaullas and most of his colleagues. To remove the rangers from direct control of the governor’s office, the Legislature created the independent Department of Public Safety in August 1935, and made the Texas Rangers a division of the agency. Gonzaullas was named to head the DPS Bureau of Intelligence, creating a crime laboratory and introducing scientific testing to criminal investigations, but in 1940 resigned to rejoin the Rangers, becoming the first Hispanic to rise to the rank of captain in the reconstituted force. He retired in 1951 and went to Hollywood where he worked as a technical consultant for TV programs and films. He was also involved in the founding of the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum in Waco.
Today's Highlight in History:
On Feb. 13, 1914, the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, also known as ASCAP, was founded in New York to protect the copyrights of creators and ensure compensation for public performances of their works.
On This Date:
In 1542, the fifth wife of England's King Henry VIII, Catherine Howard, was executed for adultery.
In 1861, Abraham Lincoln was officially declared winner of the 1860 presidential election as electors cast their ballots.
In 1920, the League of Nations recognized the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland.
In 1935, a jury in Flemington, N.J., found Bruno Richard Hauptmann guilty of first-degree murder in the kidnap-slaying of the son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. (Hauptmann was later executed.)
In 1939, Justice Louis D. Brandeis retired from the U.S. Supreme Court. (He was succeeded by William O. Douglas.)
In 1943, during World War II, the U.S. Marine Corps Women's Reserve was officially established.
In 1960, France exploded its first atomic bomb in the Sahara Desert.
In 1974, Nobel Prize-winning Russian author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was expelled from the Soviet Union.
In 1980, the 13th Winter Olympics opened in Lake Placid, N.Y.
In 1984, Konstantin Chernenko was chosen to be general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee, succeeding the late Yuri Andropov.
In 1988, the 15th winter Olympics opened in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
In 1991, during Operation Desert Storm, allied warplanes destroyed an underground shelter in Baghdad that had been identified as a military command center; Iraqi officials said 500 civilians were killed.
Ten years ago:
President George W. Bush, trying to calm a political storm, ordered the release of his Vietnam-era military records to counter Democrats' suggestions that he'd shirked his duty in the Texas Air National Guard.
Five years ago:
A $787 billion stimulus bill aimed at easing the worst economic crisis in decades cleared both houses of Congress. Peanut Corp. of America, the Lynchburg, Va.-based peanut processing company at the heart of a national salmonella outbreak, filed for bankruptcy. A female suicide bomber targeted Shiite pilgrims in Musayyib, Iraq, killing at least 40.
One year ago:
Beginning a long farewell to his flock, a weary Pope Benedict XVI celebrated his final public Mass as pontiff, presiding over Ash Wednesday services inside St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican.
U.S. Air Force Maj. Gen. Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager (ret.) is 91. Actress Kim Novak is 81. Actor George Segal is 80. Actress Carol Lynley is 72. Singer-musician Peter Tork (The Monkees) is 72. Actress Stockard Channing is 70. Talk show host Jerry Springer is 70. Actor Bo Svenson is 70. Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn., is 68. Singer Peter Gabriel is 64. Actor David Naughton is 63. Rock musician Peter Hook is 58. Actor Matt Salinger is 54. Singer Henry Rollins is 53. Actor Neal McDonough is 48. Singer Freedom Williams is 48. Actress Kelly Hu is 46. Rock singer Matt Berninger (The National) is 43. Rock musician Todd Harrell (3 Doors Down) is 42. Singer Robbie Williams is 40. Singer-songwriter Feist is 38. Rhythm-and-blues performer Natalie Stewart is 35. Actress Mena Suvari is 35.
Thought for Today:
"To go against the dominant thinking of your friends, of most of the people you see every day, is perhaps the most difficult act of heroism you can have." - Theodore H. White, American political writer (1915-1986).