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Information Compiled On February 28, 1993





What follows is a a timeline and a compilation of Associated Press stories from the day of the raid and shootout.

Chronology Of Events February 28, 1993

5 a.m.
76 agents assemble at Fort Hood for the drive to the staging area at the Bellmead Civic Center. According to a later Treasury Department Review, the agents drove in an 80-vehicle convoy with a cattle trailer at either end that stretched for a mile.

9:45 a.m.
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents move in on the compound. A gun battle begins.

9:48 a.m.
Branch Davidian Wayne Martin, a Waco attorney, calls 911. Martin died in the April 19, 1993 fire.

11:30 a.m.
Ceasefire reached.

5 p.m.
ATF spokesman Ted Royster said gunfire continued sporadically through the afternoon.

7:30 p.m.
Cult leader David Koresh, also known as Vernon Howell, is interviewed by CNN

8:15 p.m.
ATFspokeswoman Sharon Wheeler said negotiations continue with Davidians and gunfire has ended.

10:05 p.m.
Koresh talks for about 20 minutes on KRLD Radio in Dallas, describing his beliefs and saying he is the most seriously wounded of the Davidians.

Associated Press Stories

..v6014 0tx-nr n AP-TX--ArmedCult 02-28 0131 AP-TX--Armed Cult

(Waco) -- At least one person is dead in the shootout at the compound of a
religious sect near Waco today.
A spokesman for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms says authorities
have confirmed there is a casualty.
It is not immediately clear if the victim is a law officer or member of the
Branch Davidian sect.
Agents continue to surround the compound, which is home to about 75
followers of cult leader Vernon Howell.

APNP-02-28-93 1311CST

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AM-TX--Armed Cult, 5th Ld-Writethru,840

Four Agents Dead, Others Wounded in Gunfight at Religious Compound
Eds: TOPS with 13 grafs to update with 14 injured, fuller accounting for
officers and statement from hospital that it is expecting injured cult members;
Picks up 12th pvs: ``Obviously at...
By CHARLES RICHARDS
Associated Press Writer

WACO, Texas (AP) _ A fierce gun battle erupted as law officers tried to
search the compound of a heavily armed religious cult near Waco Sunday. At
least four federal agents were killed and at least 14 others injured.
A number of members of the Branch Davidian religious sect were also believed
to be injured but there was no clear information about their fate.
Two agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms were pronounced
dead upon arrival at Hillcrest Baptist Medical Center in Waco. Another died at
the hospital and a fourth died at Providence Hospital.
Ten injured officers were being treated at Hillcrest Baptist and another was
being treated at Providence Sunday afternoon. Three officers were treated and
released from the Waco hospitals.
``The rest of the injuries are a majority of gunshots, but the other
injuries range from stable to critical,'' said Marsha Jepson, spokeswoman for
Hillcrest Baptist. ``We have one that has a couple of broken limbs.''
The shootout began about 9:30 a.m. as more than 100 ATF agents tried to
serve a search warrant on the Branch Davidian sect and an arrest warrant on its
leader, Vernon Howell, said ATF spokeswoman Sharon Wheeler in Dallas.
Cult members and law officers negotiated a cease-fire about 45 minutes
later. For the next several hours, ambulances and helicopters removed the
wounded agents, including some from the compound.
However, several hours after the gun battle, there was no word on the fate
of cult members.
``Some victims might be brought here directly by cult members,'' said Ms.
Jepson of Hillcrest Baptist Medical Center. ``We're ready for that and more.''
``They came right in, parked right by the front door and made a frontal
assault on the building,'' John McLemore, a KWTX-TV reporter who witnessed the
shootout, said of the ATF agents. ``They went inside. There's thousands of
holes in the building right now. A couple of them were shot when they were
inside. They jumped out of windows and were dragged off to the side.''
His news crew later helped move some of the wounded agents.
``The firefight lasted about 45 to 60 minutes and things settled down for
about 30 minutes after that with ATF officers pinned behind vehicles and
buildings,'' said Rod Aydelotte, a Waco newspaper photographer.
Local, state and federal law officers were encamped at the scene through the
afternoon.
``Obviously at this point, it has become a very serious and dangerous
situation,'' said Bill Johnston, an assistant U.S. attorney in Waco. ``We just
hope the ATF will be able to finish what they have started.''
The incident is the second shootout involving the sect. Howell and seven
other cult members were accused of attempted murder following a 1987 gun battle
with a former leader. The seven followers were acquitted. Howell's trial ended
in a mistrial and charges were later dismissed.
The Branch Davidian sect claims to be an offshoot of the Seventh-day
Adventist Church. But that denomination has renounced any relationship to the
sect and Howell.
Cult members live in a 77-acre fortress called Mount Carmel, about 10 miles
east of Waco. Guards reportedly patrol the grounds and in a tower with lookout
windows facing all directions.
About 75 people live at the compound, with an approximate even division of
men, women and children.
The cult, which has existed near Waco since 1935, gained much more attention
on Saturday when the Waco Tribune-Herald published accounts of its history and
weapons collection.
In an interview with The Associated Press on Saturday, cult leader Howell
said his group has ``regular, legally bought'' guns.
``Do we not have right to bear arms?'' Howell said.
Former members who left the cult as long as two years ago told the Waco
newspaper that members practiced firing weapons, including M-16 rifles.
Some cult members recently told McLennan County sheriff's department
deputies they had modified semiautomatic weapons with special switches to
increase the firepower.
The Tribune-Herald also reported Howell, 33, has been accused of abusing
cult members and children, boasts of having sex with underage members, claims
at least 15 wives and believes all women in the world belong to him.
In the AP interview, Howell denied the accusations, saying he had only two
children. He dismissed the charges as lies spread by a rival bent on ousting
him from the sect.
The Branch Davidians trace their roots to 1934, when Victor Houteff, a
member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, formed his own group in Los Angeles
and later moved to Waco.
Houteff's theological views _ especially his interpretation of the book of
Revelation _ did not fit the views of the Seventh-day Adventists, and he split
off to form his own sect. It has had several leaders and divisions since
Houteff's death in 1955.

APNP-02-28-93 1548CST

(Waco) -- Authorities now say four federal agents have died and 14 were
injured in a fierce gun battle at the compound of a religious sect near Waco
today.
There are also reports that members of the Branch Davidian religious sect
were also injured.
But no hospitals have reported treating cult members.
The shootout began about 9-30 this morning as more than 100 Alcohol, Tobacco
and Firearms agents tried to search the cult and arrest leader Vernon Howell.
Cult members and law officers negotiated a cease-fire about 45 minutes
later. For the next several hours, ambulances and helicopters removed the
wounded agents, including some from the compound.
Local and federal officers continue to surround the compound 10 miles east
of Waco.

APNP-02-28-93 1550CST

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Eds: UPDATES numbers for Hillcrest; changes Providence patient to critical
sted serious

Eds: With AM-TX--Armed Cult

jakdf

WACO, Texas (AP) _ Injuries and casualties reported by two Waco-area
hospitals: Hillcrest Baptist Medical Center
One ATF agent died at the hospital
Two ATF agents were dead upon arrival
Five ATF agents were treated and released for gunshot wounds
Seven ATF agents being treated
Providence Hospital
One ATF agent died at the hospital
One ATF agent listed in critical condition
One ATF agent treated for gunshot wounds to the leg and released

APNP-02-28-93 1825CST

..v6030 0tx-nr n AP-TX--ArmedCult TOPS 02-28 0195 AP-TX--Armed Cult,
TOPS

(Waco) -- An armed personnel carrier is moving toward the compound of a
religious sect near Waco where four federal agents were killed today.
The four agents died and 14 were injured in a fierce gun battle at the
compound.
Members of the Branch Davidian religious sect may also have been injured or
killed, but no official reports have been issued.
The shootout began about 9-30 this morning as more than 100 Alcohol, Tobacco
and Firearms agents tried to search the cult and arrest leader Vernon Howell.
Cult members and law officers negotiated a cease-fire about 45 minutes
later. For the next several hours, ambulances and helicopters removed the
wounded agents, including some from the compound.
Local and federal officers continue to surround the compound 10 miles east
of Waco.

APNP-02-28-93 1830CST

(Washington) -- About 120 agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and
Firearms and its predecessor have been killed in the line of duty since the
bureau was imposed in 1919. But today was the agency's single bloodiest day.
A gun battle took place today at the headquarters of a religious cult near
Waco, killing four agents and wounding 14.
Agency spokesman Jim Pasco says that today was the bureau's worst.
A-T-F was created in 1972 to take over enforcement of laws related to
alcohol, tobacco, guns and explosives. Those laws were formerly the
responsibility of the Internal Revenue Service.
It has about 2,200 agents, 21 law enforcement field offices and five
regional offices.
In 1982, its responsibilities were expanded to investigation of commercial
arson.

APNP-02-28-93 1839CST

(Waco) -- A scripture-quoting leader of a violent religious cult involved
today in a bloody gunbattle with law enforcement officers had settled near Waco
to await Armageddon
Vernon Howell was born in Houston 33 years ago. He was raised in Dallas and
moved to the Waco area to await the end of the world.
Howell's praying and prophesying was punctuated today with automatic weapons
fire as his heavily armed followers shot it out with federal agents trying to
arrest him.
A 1987 photograph shows Howell, also known as David Koresh, in a striped
necktie, dress shirt and jacket. He was clean-shaven but wore his curly hair
shoulder length. He also wore wire-rimmed eyeglasses and a bemused Mona Lisa

smile.
At the time, he already was the spiritual leader of several dozen members of
the Branch Davidian sect, an offshoot of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.
That denomination has renounced any connection to the sect or Howell and
Southwestern Union president Cyril Miller of Burleson, Texas, refers to Howell
as ``irrational'' and ``a kook.''
In a telephone interview yesterday with The Associated Press, Howell said
his parents named him Howell, but God had given him the name David Koresh
(Kor-esh'). Acquaintances said he changed his name in California during his
career as a guitarist.
During his interview, Howell spoke calmly, sprinkling his remarks with
references to the Bible, particularly the book of Revelations.
He said only he could open the Seven Seals, even though teachers once told
him he would never make anything of himself.

APNP-02-28-93 1915CST

(Waco) -- Federal agents hid in livestock trailers as they drove up to the
fortified compound for their assault on the obscure, violent religious cult.
As three National Guard helicopters approached, the 100 law officers stormed
the main home of the Branch Davidian sect.
They threw concussion grenades and screamed ``Come out!''
For a moment, there was no response. Then shots ripped the mist.
For the next 45 minutes, law officers led by black-jacketed Bureau of
Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents traded blasts with cult members.
Bullets from powerful weapons blew holes in the outer walls and roof.
A tense, uncertain cease-fire was called. But more than an hour passed
before wounded officers could be rescued and rushed to hospitals.
By late afternoon, the worst was confirmed _ at least four dead, possibly
more, and more than a dozen wounded.
One cult member was believed dead.
More law officers assembled, along with scores of news media, as the siege
moved into a damp chilly afternoon. Helicopters buzzed the landscape and, at
dusk, a huge armored personnel carrier moved in.
The stand off continues.

APNP-02-28-93 1937CST

(Waco ) -- A fierce gun battle erupted today as more than 100 law officers
tried to arrest the leader of a heavily armed religious cult. At least four
federal agents were killed and cult members said one follower died.
At least 15 agents were wounded in the 45-minute shootout at the isolated
compound of the Branch Davidians' sect about 10 miles east of Waco. Several
sect members were also reportedly wounded, officials said.
Sect leader Vernon Howell, who also is known as David Koresh (core-ESH),
told C-N-N a two-year-old child was killed. He also says he was among those
injured.

(Waco) -- The Waco Tribune-Herald's editor says the newspaper decided to
publish stories about a religious cult because of inaction on the part of local
officials.
Editor Bob Lott said today that after eight months of investigation the
newspaper decided to begin printing a seven-part series about the Branch
Davidians sect yesterday.
This morning after the second installment of the series, law enforcement
officers moved in on the cult's compound. At least four agents from the U-S
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms were killed and 15 other agents were
injured at the sect's compound, east of Waco.

APNP-02-28-93 1956CST

(Waco) -- The leader of the Branch Davidian cult behind the armed conflict
with federal agents today has told ``C-N-N'' that agents shot him when they
first entered his home.
Vernon Howell -- who also goes by the name David Koresh (Core-eesh) -- said
in a telephone interview this evening that two members of his group were shot
during the exchange of gunfire this morning.
It was not determined whether he included himself among the two.
Howell also says a two-year-old child was killed during the attack.
Four federal agents died in the attack and eleven more were wounded.
Seventh-day Adventists Deny Link With Branch Davidians

(Burleson) -- The head of the Southwestern U-S chapter of the Seventh-day
Adventists today denied any link between his group and the cult causing a
conflict with federal agents.
The Branch Davidians and federal Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms officials
exchanged gunfire this morning. Four federal agents are dead and another eleven
are wounded.
Cyril Miller -- the president of Southwestern Union of the Seventh-day
Adventist church in Burleson -- says his group is not affiliated with the cult.
Miller said his only contact with the cult's leader Vernon Howell has been
by telephone.
Miller referred to Howell as a ``kook'' and a ``religious fanatic.''

(Waco) -- Gunfire broke out again this evening at the Waco-area compound
where more than 100 law officers tried arresting a cult leader this morning.
A spokesman for the federal Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agency says three
members of Branch Davidian group began shooting at agents around 6 P-M.
Agents returned gunfire this evening, killing one cult member and wounding
another. A third man apparently was wounded but retreated back to the compound.
At least four federal agents were killed in the earlier gunfire. Cult
members said one follower died in that exchange.
At least 11 other agents were wounded this morning in the 45-minute shootout
at the isolated compound 10 miles east of Waco.
Sect leader Vernon Howell, who also is known as David Koresh (core-ESH),
told C-N-N a two-year-old child was killed. He also says he was among those
injured.

APNP-02-28-93 2021CST

(Waco) -- A scripture-quoting leader of a violent religious cult involved
today in a bloody gunbattle with law enforcement officers had settled near Waco
to await Armageddon
Vernon Howell was born in Houston 33 years ago. He was raised in Dallas and
moved to the Waco area to await the end of the world.
Howell's praying and prophesying was punctuated today with automatic weapons
fire as his heavily armed followers shot it out with federal agents trying to
arrest him.
A 1987 photograph shows Howell, also known as David Koresh, in a striped
necktie, dress shirt and jacket. He was clean-shaven but wore his curly hair
shoulder length. He also wore wire-rimmed eyeglasses and a bemused Mona Lisa
smile.
At the time, he already was the spiritual leader of several dozen members of
the Branch Davidian sect, an offshoot of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.
That denomination has renounced any connection to the sect or Howell and
Southwestern Union president Cyril Miller of Burleson, Texas, refers to Howell
as ``irrational'' and ``a kook.''
In a telephone interview yesterday with The Associated Press, Howell said
his parents named him Howell, but God had given him the name David Koresh
(Kor-esh'). Acquaintances said he changed his name in California during his
career as a guitarist.
During his interview, Howell spoke calmly, sprinkling his remarks with
references to the Bible, particularly the book of Revelations.
He said only he could open the Seven Seals, even though teachers once told
him he would never make anything of himself.

APNP-02-28-93 1915CST

(Waco) -- In a rambling telephone interview with C-N-N, cult leader Vernon
Howell, also known as David Koresh, has described a gunfight with federal
agents in which he was wounded and a child was killed.
``They started firing at me,'' he said. ``And so what happened was I fell
back against the door and the bullets started coming through the door, and so
then ... some of the men started firing on them ...I was already hollering go
away, there's women and children here, let's talk.''
Howell went on to say that he he did not blame the officers for shooting.
A producer at C-N-N in Atlanta said Howell had called them.
Howell said he offered to send out two children each time radio stations
would play a message he had given them.
Dallas radio station K-R-L-D read the message, in which Howell referred to
the book of Revelations and the Seven Seals.
Although the messages were played, it was not immediately known if anybody
had been released.

APNP-02-28-93 2111CST

(Waco) -- Two more children have been released from a religious compound
near Waco, bringing to four the number released since media began relaying a
message from the cult leader at the request of federal agents.
The message, by Vernon Howell, also known as David Koresh, is:
``My father, my God who sits on the throne in heaven, has given me a book of
Seven Seals. In Revelation 10, verse 7, of this sealed book, the mystery of God
is to be finished as God has declared to his servants, the prophets. In
Revelation 22, I come, my reward, which is the books, is with me to give unto
every man the knowledge of the Seven Seals.''
Howell won't say how many children are in the armed camp, but says the total
population is more than the 75 estimated by federal agents.

(KRLD helped)

APNP-02-28-93 2221CST

(Waco) -- Two more children have been released from a religious compound
near Waco. That means six have been released since media began relaying a
message from the cult leader at the request of federal agents.
Vernon Howell, also known as David Koresh, message says:
``My father, my God who sits on the throne in heaven, has given me a book of
Seven Seals. In Revelation 10, verse 7, of this sealed book, the mystery of God
is to be finished as God has declared to his servants, the prophets. In
Revelation 22, I come, my reward, which is the books, is with me to give unto
every man the knowledge of the Seven Seals.''
Howell won't say how many children are in the armed camp, but says the total
population is more than the 75 estimated by federal agents.

WACO, Texas (AP) _ Injuries and casualties reported by two Waco-area
hospitals:
Known Casualites
Steve Willis, 32, of ATF Houston field division; assigned to Houston
Robert J. Williams, 26, of ATF New Orleans field division; assigned to
Little Rock.
Conway LaBleu, 30, of ATF New Orleans field division; assigned to New
Orleans
Todd McKeehan, 28, of ATF New Orleans field division; assigned to New
Orleans
Hillcrest Baptist Medical Center
One Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agent died at the hospital
Two ATF agents were dead upon arrival
Six ATF agents were treated and released for gunshot wounds
Seven ATF agents being treated
Providence Hospital
One ATF agent died at the hospital
One ATF agent listed in critical condition
One ATF agent treated for gunshot wounds to the leg and released
Within Cult Compound
Three adult cult members wounded including cult leader Vernon Howell,
according to Howell
One 2-year-old cult member killed during morning shootout, according to
Howell
One cult member killed during evening shootout, according to ATF

APNP-02-28-93 2339CST




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