Good morning, it’s Monday, Nov. 20, the 324th day of 2017. There are 41 days left in the year. Temperatures will be in the upper 30s at the start of the day and should rise into the mid-60s this afternoon under a sunny sky before dropping to around 50 overnight.
On November 20, 1899—118 years ago today—soldiers of Troop D of the 9th U.S. Cavalry fired on civilians in Rio Grande City in response to a presumed attack on the unit’s post by town residents. The African American troops had been sent to nearby Fort Ringgold after a triumphant return from the Cuban campaign, but chafed under racial restrictions and harassment. Word of an impending attack heightened tensions. Garrison commander Second Lt. E.H. Rubottom ordered troops to fire a Gatling gun on an area between the post and the town on the night of Nov. 20 to quell the brewing disturbance. Only one minor injury was reported. Ensuing investigations failed to establish culpability, and military officials did not recommend charges against Rubottom, although they concluded he acted unwisely. Texas Gov. Joseph Sayers supported the demand of the local residents that the 9th Cavalry be moved. Residents requested that a white garrison remain in place.
On November 20, 1997, Mart was selected as a site for a state juvenile detention facility.
On Nov. 20, 1947, Britain's future queen, Princess Elizabeth, married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey.
In 1620, Peregrine White was born aboard the Mayflower in Massachusetts Bay; he was the first child born of English parents in present-day New England.
In 1789, New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
In 1910, the Mexican Revolution of 1910 had its beginnings under the Plan of San Luis Potosi issued by Francisco I. Madero.
In 1925, Robert F. Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts.
In 1945, 22 former Nazi officials went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany. (Almost a year later, the International Military Tribune sentenced 12 of the defendants to death; seven received prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life; three were acquitted.)
In 1959, the United Nations issued its Declaration of the Rights of the Child.
In 1967, the U.S. Census Bureau's Population Clock at the Commerce Department ticked past 200 million.
In 1969, the Nixon administration announced a halt to residential use of the pesticide DDT as part of a total phase-out. A group of American Indian activists began a 19-month occupation of Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay.
In 1975, after nearly four decades of absolute rule, Spain's Generalissimo Francisco Franco died, two weeks before his 83rd birthday.
In 1976, the boxing drama "Rocky," a United Artists release starring Sylvester Stallone, premiered in New York.
In 1985, the first version of Microsoft's Windows operating system, Windows 1.0, was officially released.
In 1992, fire seriously damaged Windsor Castle, the favorite weekend home of Queen Elizabeth II.
A judge in St. George, Utah, sentenced polygamous-sect leader Warren Jeffs to five years to life in prison for his role in the arranged marriage of an underage girl to her older cousin. (Jeffs' conviction was overturned by the Utah Supreme Court in 2010; prosecutors decided against a re-trial because Jeffs was already serving a life sentence in Texas in a separate case.) Scientists in Japan and the U.S. reported creating the equivalent of embryonic stem cells from ordinary skin cells. Ian Smith, the last white prime minister of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), died near Cape Town, South Africa, at age 88.
Former boxing champion Hector "Macho" Camacho was shot while sitting in a car in his hometown of Bayamon, Puerto Rico. (Camacho died four days later after doctors removed him from life support.) "Elmo" puppeteer Kevin Clash resigned from "Sesame Street" amid allegations of sexually abusing underage boys, which Clash denied. Jack Taylor, a guard for the Grinnell College basketball team, shattered the NCAA scoring record with a 138-point performance as the Division III school beat Faith Baptist Bible, 179-104.
President Barack Obama, concluding his final official world tour in Peru, told a news conference in Lima he didn't intend to become his successor's constant critic - but reserved the right to speak out if President-elect Donald Trump or his policies breached certain "values or ideals." At the American Music Awards in Los Angeles, Ariana Grande was named artist of the year; Zayn was named new artist of the year.
Actress-comedian Kaye Ballard is 92. Actress Estelle Parsons is 90. Comedian Dick Smothers is 79. Singer Norman Greenbaum is 75. Former Vice President Joe Biden is 75. Actress Veronica Hamel is 74. Broadcast journalist Judy Woodruff is 71. Actor Samuel E. Wright is 71. Singer Joe Walsh is 70. Actor Richard Masur is 69. Opera singer Barbara Hendricks is 69. Former U.N. Ambassador John Bolton is 69. Actress Bo Derek is 61. Former NFL player Mark Gastineau is 61. Reggae musician Jim Brown (UB40) is 60. Actress Sean Young is 58. Pianist Jim Brickman is 56. Rock musician Todd Nance (Widespread Panic) is 55. Actress Ming-Na is 54. Actor Ned Vaughn is 53. Rapper Mike D (The Beastie Boys) is 52. Rapper Sen Dog (Cypress Hill) is 52. Actress Callie Thorne is 48. Actress Sabrina Lloyd is 47. Actor Joel McHale is 46. Actress Marisa Ryan is 43. Country singer Dierks Bentley is 42. Actor Joshua Gomez is 42. Actress Laura Harris is 41. Olympic gold medal gymnast Dominique Dawes is 41. Country singer Josh Turner is 40. Actress Nadine Velazquez is 39. Actress Andrea Riseborough is 36. Actor Jeremy Jordan is 33. Actor Dan Byrd is 32. Actress Ashley Fink is 31. Rock musician Jared Followill (Kings of Leon) is 31. Actor Cody Linley is 28. Pop musician Michael Clifford (5 Seconds to Summer) is 22.
"We are always doing something for posterity, but I would fain see posterity do something for us." - Joseph Addison, English essayist and poet (1672-1719).